There are three very distinct types of roasting coffee beans.
The process of roasting coffee beans is what brings out the flavor of the coffee and develops the characteristics of the coffee giving it its unique flavor.
Roasting coffee beans, is the process to bring the coffee to a perfect balance of acidity with just the right sweetness.
Three Levels of Roasting Coffee Beans.
Light Roast is generally used in a milder coffee and many times the sweeter coffees.
Medium Roast is one of the most common roasting levels of roasting coffee beans. Most of the medium roasted coffees are done when they reach their second crack.
And lastly there is the dark roast. This is the level of roasting coffee beans well beyond the second crack and will appear oily on the surface. This gives the coffee a very full bodied and strong flavor.
A light bodied, sweet coffee is normally roasted lighter than the full bodied coffee with the chocolaty tastes.
The Change of Roasting Coffee Beans
As the coffee beans are in the roasting process, there are chemical and physical changes to the coffee.
Some changes include the expansion of the coffee beans, loss of moisture, caramelizing and of course a change in the color of the coffee.
Once the beans start losing moisture and expand, they will make a popping sound, which in the coffee industry is known as crack.
Types of Roasting
The two types of roasting coffee are Art, and the second is Science. One other type of roasting coffee beans is a combination of both art and science.
Art roasting is where the roast master relies on sound, sight and smell of the coffee to determine when the roasted coffee beans are roasted to perfection. It takes many years of experience to achieve a level of master coffee roaster.
Science roasting is based on scientific data. The roast master takes data including temperature and time to determine the degree of roasting to gain the same color with each batch of roasted coffee beans. A combination of both art and science are used where coffee is produced in mass.
Another step with roasted coffee beans is to achieve a perfect blend of coffee called the “cupping” process.
This is where the coffee is tasted in similar fashion to tasting wine. When the roasted coffee beans are cupped, samples are pulled from the process and measured into several different cups.
Each cup of coffee beans are ground separately and boiling water is poured over the freshly ground coffee beans. When the coffee grounds rise to the top of the cup they trap the aroma in the cup.
The cupper will then scrape away the coffee grounds and smell the coffee aroma. The coffee is then tasted and rated on all the characteristics including flavor, acidity, aroma, body and any taste defects.
For you the coffee drinker, you have many choices when it comes to roasted coffee beans. The best way to tell which coffee is right for you is to sample many different types of coffee.
The easiest way to do this is join a good Coffee Cluband have your coffee delivered right to your door.
What is your favorite?